Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) | Sprint Diagnostics
Patient Preparing : No special preparation is required
The Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) is a measure of the number of neutrophil granulocytes, a type of white blood cell, present in the blood. These cells play a vital role in the body's immune system, primarily fighting off infections, especially bacterial infections.
The ANC test is often used to monitor individuals undergoing chemotherapy, as this treatment can significantly reduce the number of neutrophils, making the individual susceptible to infections. The test is also valuable in diagnosing neutropenia (low neutrophil count), identifying infections, and evaluating the body's response to ongoing treatments.
|Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC)
|No special preparation is required
Why is the ANC test important?
The ANC test is crucial for diagnosing and monitoring conditions related to abnormal neutrophil counts, including infections, neutropenia, and the effectiveness of certain treatments like chemotherapy.
What sample is used for this test?
A blood sample is used for the ANC test.
Home Sample Collection
Do I need to fast before the test?
No, fasting is not typically required for the ANC test.
What information does the ANC test provide?
The ANC test provides information about the number of neutrophils in your blood, indicating if they are within normal ranges, elevated, or decreased.
When should I get this test?
You might need this test if you show symptoms of an infection, are undergoing chemotherapy, or if your healthcare provider suspects neutropenia.
How often should I get tested?
The frequency of testing depends on your health status, the treatments you are receiving, and your healthcare provider's recommendations.
What are the normal values?
Normal values can vary between labs, but typically, the absolute neutrophil count is between 1,500 to 8,000 cells/ÂµL.
What factors can affect my ANC levels?
Modifiable Factors: Certain medications, chemotherapy, radiation therapy.
Nonmodifiable Factors: Age, genetics, pre-existing conditions like certain cancers or bone marrow disorders.
Can certain medications affect my ANC levels?
Yes, certain medications like chemotherapy drugs can decrease your neutrophil count, while others can increase it.
What happens if my values are abnormal?
Abnormal values can indicate a variety of conditions, including infections, neutropenia, or an adverse reaction to chemotherapy. Your healthcare provider will guide you on the necessary next steps.
Can diet affect my ANC levels?
While diet per se doesn't directly affect neutrophil levels, maintaining a balanced diet can support overall immune function.
Is the ANC test painful?
The Absolute Neutrophil Count test involves a routine blood draw, which may cause a brief moment of discomfort.
How can I normalize my ANC levels?
Treating the underlying cause is key to normalizing your values. This might involve adjusting medications, adopting lifestyle changes, or in some cases, more intensive treatments like granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) injections.
Which doctor should I see if my values are abnormal?
You should consult your primary care physician, who may refer you to a specialist like a hematologist, depending on your results.
Can infections affect my ANC results?
Yes, certain infections, particularly bacterial ones, can lead to elevated neutrophil counts.
What precautions should I take before the test?
Before the test, inform your healthcare provider about any medications or treatments you are currently receiving, as some can affect your ANC results.
Can stress affect my ANC levels?
Chronic stress can influence the immune system and may potentially affect neutrophil levels.
What should I do if my ANC levels are high?
High ANC levels may indicate an ongoing infection or other health conditions. Consult your healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and treatment.
How reliable is the ANC test?
The ANC test is a reliable tool for measuring the number of neutrophils in your blood.
What happens after the test?
After the test, your healthcare provider will review the results and guide you on the appropriate next steps, which could include lifestyle changes, medication adjustments, or further testing.
Understanding the state of your immune system is key to protecting your health, and an Absolute Neutrophil Count can provide critical insights into your immune function. Be sure to discuss your test results with your healthcare provider, who can guide you on the best steps to take in managing your health.
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